Foto: bolot Bochkarev, Jakutsk

© 2013 JLC e.V.

About Yakutia - Page 2

Sakha stretches to the Henrietta Islands in the far north and is washed by the Laptev and
Eastern Siberian Seas of the Arctic Ocean. These waters, the coldest and iciest of all seas
in the northern hemisphere, are covered by ice for 9-10 months of the year. New Siberian
Islands are a part of the republic's territory. After Nunavut was separated from Canada's
Northwest Territories, Sakha became the largest subnational entity (statoid) in the world,
with an area of 3,103,200 km²

The Kolyma (pronounced koh-lee-MAH) region (Russian: Колыма) is located in the far north-eastern area of Russia in what is commonly known as Siberia but is actually part of the Russian Far East. It is bounded by the East Siberian Sea and the Arctic Ocean in the north and the Sea of Okhotsk to the south. The extremely remote region gets its name from the Kolyma River and mountain range, parts of which were not discovered until 1926. Today the region consists roughly of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug and the Magadan Oblast.

The Kolyma River (Russian: Колыма́) is a river in northeastern Siberia, whose basin covers parts of the Sakha Republic, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, and Magadan Oblast of Russia. It rises in the mountains north of Okhotsk and Magadan, in the area of 62° N 149° E and empties into the East Siberian Sea, a division of the Arctic Ocean, at 69°30′N, 161°30′E. The length of the Kolyma is 2,129 km. The area of its basin is 644,000 sq km.